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Pulse & Blood Pressure

Pulse & Blood Pressure

Pulse

Do you have a pulse?  Chances are, if you are reading this, then you do have one! Do you know what a normal pulse is and how to assess it?

Put two or three fingers from your dominant hand, just under the base of your thumb and wait.  Be mindful of what you are doing and concentrate on what you feel. If you don’t feel anything, adjust your position.

Your pulse should beat under your fingers regularly, like a metronome. It should beat between 60 to 80 times per minute. Feel it and count it for the minute, looking at a watch/clock with a second hand.

If it is slower than 60 beats per minute, it could be that you are very fit, or are on cardiac medications.  If it is faster than 100 beats per minute, it could be that you have been rushing around or doing something strenuous.

If your pulse does not feel like a metronome, instead, it feels a little like a jazz band playing under your fingers, then you have an irregular pulse. Is it regularly irregular, ie. Does it beat the same over a few seconds, like dropping a beat, or having two beats close together, regularly. Or does it feel irregularly irregular ie. all over the place?

For a pulse that is anything other than regular, like a metronome, you should consult your Doctor for a check up.  There are many cases of Atrial Fibrillation that are undiagnosed.

Blood Pressure

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What is normal blood pressure?  According to the Blood Pressure Association, 2008, ideal blood pressure is 120/80. Anything between 120-140 on the top and 80-90 on the bottom, is considered pre-high blood pressure and should be checked out by the Doctor.

High blood pressure is classed as anything over 140 on the top and/or 90 on the bottom. But how will you know what your blood pressure is, if you don’t have a machine and haven’t had it taken in years?  Well, you could buy your own machine (I have a small one that fits around my wrist). This will allow you to check your blood pressure at varying times of the day and as often as you wish.

You could go to a pharmacy or the Nurse at your Doctor’s surgery, both will check your blood pressure for you. Some Doctors now have machines for any of their patients to use.

High blood pressure directly increases the risk of heart attack and stroke, which can be fatal.  It is also the most preventable cause of premature ill-health.

So what treatment options do you have?  Well, as I see it, there are two!  You can go the medical route and get drugs from your Doctor, or the alternative route is to assess your diet and lifestyle and make some much needed changes.

Learn about normal blood pressure & pulse & how to assess it from a registered nurse Click To Tweet

Medical Route

The drugs that will be prescribed fall into several categories, diuretics (water pills), Beta Blockers, Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACE inhibitors), Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARB’s), Calcium Channel Blockers, Alpha Blockers, Centrally Acting Drugs, Vasodilators and Renin Inhibitors.

They all reduce blood pressure by either relaxing the blood vessel walls, stopping the vessels contracting or by making the body off-load excess fluid.

All medications come with side effects.  These include:

Cough

Diarrhoea or constipation

Dizziness or light-headedness

Erectile dysfunction

Feeling nervous

Fatigue

Headache

Nausea or vomiting

Skin rash

Weight loss or gain without trying

Frequently passing urine

Loss of Potassium (leg cramps and fatigue)

Dehydration / dry mouth

Increased sensitivity to cold

Increased sensitivity to sunlight

Swollen, tender, bleeding gums (gingivitis)

Upset stomach

Lifestyle Adjustment

This includes things like

Exercise – walking, gym/studio/home based and lifting weights

Optimising your gut flora, taking pre and pro biotics (but not those milky drinks in small bottles)

Stop smoking, if you smoke

Take a supplement, grape seed extract, bilberry extract or olive leaf extract have all been shown to reduce blood pressure

Optimise your Vitamin D3 intake – sunshine, salmon, shiitake mushrooms, eggs, cheese and butter, or take a supplement

Eat two cubes of dark chocolate a day

Eat good, wholesome foods with plenty of fruit and vegetables and stop eating junk and convenience food that are full of trans fats and sugars

Intermittently fast eg try the 5:2 diet or eat for 6 hours a day and fast for the other 18 hours, from dinner one day to lunch the next

Deal with your stressors

Lose weight if you are overweight

Relax in an Epsom Salt bath

Use Magnesium Oil as a supplement.  Magnesium tablets are not well absorbed, it’s better through your skin

Take your own blood pressure – you might have “white coat syndrome”, where your blood pressure rises when you see a Doctor or Nurse

The choice of treatment for your high blood pressure is yours, make sure it is an informed choice.

NB If you feel unwell and/or have chest pain, please consult your Doctor Sarah Dawkins

Sarah Dawkins

Sarah Dawkins

Registered Nurse, BSc (Hons), MSc, Accredited Master Coach

Improving Your Healthy Naturally

Web –  www.sarahdawkins.com

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